Adoption is a time of great joy, but also a time with a lot of uncertainty. Adoptive families have often been waiting a long time to be matched to a child. You need a skillful advocate to take care of the details and keep you fully informed of the process while you prepare to make a new addition to your family. For many Ohio individuals and couples, adoption is the ideal way to become a parent. Adoption can be a complicated legal process and the cost varies, depending on the type of adoption.
There are a few different ways to adopt a child. The four primary types of adoption Ohio couples can choose are:
Another type of adoption, stepparent adoption, occurs when an individual becomes his or her spouse’s child’s legal parent. Stepparent adoption is much different from other types of adoption. It has different legal requirements from the types of adoption listed above.
An individual’s marital status does not impact his or her ability to adopt a child in Ohio. To adopt a child, a prospective parent must be at least 18 years old. When an individual applies to the State of Ohio Department of Job and Family Services, every other adult in the household must be listed on the application.
For certain types of adoption, the individual or couple must complete an adoption education course. Those working with agencies may have to apply to work with a specific agency and be approved before they can take this step.
After receiving the adoption training, prospective parents must complete a home study. This is required for all adoptions. A home study is a comprehensive interview process conducted by an assessor, who may be a social worker, a licensed psychologist, a marriage and family therapist, a professional counselor, or a student working toward a relevant degree and acting under the supervision of a qualified assessor.
The purpose of the home study is to ensure that a child would be safe in the prospective parent’s home. If the parents are qualified to adopt, they may be matched with a child. The child’s caseworker remains in contact with the family for at least six months to ensure his or her continuing safety. After six months, the family may legally finalize the adoption.
Adopting a child is a loving choice. If you are considering adding a child to your family through adoption, speak with an experienced adoption lawyer about the processes for various types of adoption, your rights and requirements, and what you can expect from the adoption process. Contact Fout Law Office today to schedule a consultation to discuss your unique situation.
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